How to paint – Basics of painting

How to paint – Basics of painting

You should never rush to paint – you have to wait, until one layer is dry, before we put another one on. Emulsion paint dries quickly, so we don't have to wait long between layers. Oil paints require a bit more patience.

So let's check the drying time of the paint on the label.

Practical advice

• Before we open the paint can, let's shake it vigorously several times, so that its contents mix well. If the packaging is large, we open them, and mix the paint with a stick or a mixing tip attached to the drill.

• We never paint with a brush with rusty fittings – this may discolor the paint.

• We store the paint in a cool place, dry place, not in frost or in the sun.

• Paint the can lid with the paint. When you need to paint something, without opening the can, we will know, what paint is inside. However, let's not paint over the name of the paint, as well as the name and its color code. These data will be needed, when we want to buy an additional amount of the same paint.

• Before we start working with a new brush or such, which we have not used for a long time, wash it thoroughly, to remove possible dust and broken bristles.

• We do not submerge more than 1/3 brush bristles in the paint and always wipe off its excess (for example, against the edge of a can).

Interior walls

To get a smooth surface, we use a brush, a short-haired roller or a paint trowel. To obtain a texture or to paint a rough surface, use a brush or roller with longer hair. We will always need a small brush to paint the edges and corners.

1 If we are going to paint a large surface with a brush, we choose the widest possible. We start at the top of the wall and paint vertical stripes downwards, leaving a narrow gap between them. Then we lightly drag the brush horizontally, to blur the paint strips. We finish with light vertical brush strokes.

2 The most convenient way to use paint on rollers and trowels is from shallow cuvettes. Most of these containers have a built-in shelf or, for packs, a roller to squeeze out excess paint from the tool. We paint with a roller in all directions, carefully covering the surface and leaving no gaps between the stripes of paint. We finish painting with light strokes in one direction. We do not move the roller off, fast, so that no paint drips off it. We do not apply one thick layer, instead we apply it 2-3 thin, just like a brush.

3 We use the float in a similar way to the roller – we apply the paint with perpendicular crossing strokes. The trowel applies a very thin layer, so you may need to paint two, or even three times. Trowels are especially useful for painting along wall bends.