The lower part of the wall is called the plinth of the building. The plinth of the building can be withdrawn or protruding from the outer face of the walls placed on it.
In the case of a retracted plinth, the overhang of the building wall is 3-4 cm including wall plaster. The height of the pedestals of residential buildings is 40-100 cm, depending on this, whether the building has a basement. The plinths can be clad (faced) brick, clinker tiles or plastered with durable and tight cement mortar.
The figure below shows a plinth of an insulated sandwich diaphragm wall; The basement wall can be made of monolithic concrete, concrete or brick blocks. On the offset - these can be concrete supports - an insulation layer and a plinth wall are made. Around the building, at the plinth, concrete tiles should be placed on the ground or a concrete strip should be made to drain water from the building.
Plinth of the diaphragm wall: 1 - concrete basement wall, 2 - masonry made of brick or concrete blocks, 3 - ceiling, 4 - anti-moisture insulation, 5 - waterproofing insulation, 6 - thermal insulation, 7 - facade wall, 8 - concrete tiles laid with a slope.